Measurable conservation outcomes resulting from actions that compensate for significant residual adverse biodiversity impacts arising from development projects.
Systematic search for biochemical and genetic information in nature in order to develop commercially-valuable products and applications.
Carbon markets aim to reduce greenhouse gas emissions cost-effectively by setting limits on emissions and enabling the trading of emission units.
Market mechanisms that enable entities, for which the cost of reducing emissions is high, to pay low-cost emitters for carbon credits that they can use towards meeting their emission-reduction obligations. An example is the Clean Development Mechanism.
Concessions allow people to use land or property in a protected area or natural site for a specified purpose, usually in exchange for a fee.
Approach for projects, organizations, entrepreneurs, and startups to raise money for their causes from multiple individual donors or investors.
Disaster risk insurance schemes cover—against a premium—the costs incurred by the insured entity from extreme weather and natural disasters.
Bonds where proceeds are invested exclusively in projects that generate climate or other environmental benefits.
Investments made with the intention to generate a measurable social and environmental impact alongside a financial return.
Governments and civil society groups use lotteries as a means of raising funds for benevolent purposes such as education, health, preservation of historic sites and nature conservation.
Payments for ecosystem services (PES) occur when a beneficiary or user of an ecosystem service makes a direct or indirect payment to the provider of that service.
Guarantees can mobilize and leverage commercial financing by mitigating and/or protecting risks, notably commercial default or political risks.
Private unrequited transfers sent from abroad to families and communities in a worker's country of origin.
Standards applicable to the financial sector that capture good practices and encourage the achievement and monitoring of social and environmental outcomes.