Measurable conservation outcomes resulting from actions that compensate for significant residual adverse biodiversity impacts arising from development projects.
Carbon markets aim to reduce greenhouse gas emissions cost-effectively by setting limits on emissions and enabling the trading of emission units.
Market mechanisms that enable entities, for which the cost of reducing emissions is high, to pay low-cost emitters for carbon credits that they can use towards meeting their emission-reduction obligations. An example is the Clean Development Mechanism.
Concessions allow people to use land or property in a protected area or natural site for a specified purpose, usually in exchange for a fee.
Approach for projects, organizations, entrepreneurs, and startups to raise money for their causes from multiple individual donors or investors.
Funding instrument that distributes grants (or concessional finance) to profit-seeking projects on a competitive basis.
Legal entity and investment vehicle to help mobilizing, blending, and overseeing the collection and allocation of financial resources for environmental purposes.
Investments made with the intention to generate a measurable social and environmental impact alongside a financial return.
A public-private partnership that allows private (impact) investors to upfront capital for public projects that deliver social and environmental outcomes in exchange for a financial interest.
Standards applicable to the financial sector that capture good practices and encourage the achievement and monitoring of social and environmental outcomes.