Goal 12: Responsible consumption and production
Concessions allow people to use land or property in a protected area or natural site for a specified purpose, usually in exchange for a fee.
Approach for projects, organizations, entrepreneurs, and startups to raise money for their causes from multiple individual donors or investors.
Tourists pay fees for access to a protected area. The revenues can contribute to conservation through retention by protected areas, revenue sharing agreements, and public transfers.
Bonds where proceeds are invested exclusively in projects that generate climate or other environmental benefits.
Investments made with the intention to generate a measurable social and environmental impact alongside a financial return.
Governments and civil society use lotteries to raise funds for benevolent purposes such as education, health, and nature conservation.
Guarantees can mobilize and leverage commercial financing by mitigating and/or protecting risks, notably commercial default or political risks.
Private unrequited transfers sent from abroad to families and communities in a worker's country of origin.
A public-private partnership that allows private (impact) investors to upfront capital for public projects that deliver social and environmental outcomes in exchange for a financial interest.
Taxes on certain pesticides and chemical fertilizers can mobilize fiscal revenues while mitigating the negative effects associated with pesticide/fertilizers application and promoting sustainable agriculture practices.
Any fee, charge or tax charged on the extraction and/or use of renewable natural capital (e.g. timber or water).
Excise taxes on tobacco products can raise fiscal revenues, improve health and well-being, and address market failures.
Standards applicable to the financial sector that capture good practices and encourage the achievement and monitoring of social and environmental outcomes.