Insurance schemes covering—against a premium—the costs incurred by the insured entity from extreme weather and natural disasters.
Payments for ecosystem services (PES) occur when a beneficiary or user of an ecosystem service makes a direct or indirect payment to the provider of that service.
A public-private partnership that allows private (impact) investors to upfront capital for public projects that deliver social and environmental outcomes in exchange for a financial interest.
The sale tax any individual or firm who purchases fuel for his/her automobile or home heating pays. Fuel taxes can reduce the consumption of fossil fuels and greenhouse gas emissions while generating public revenues.
Taxes on certain pesticides and chemical fertilizers can mobilize fiscal revenues while mitigating the negative effects associated with pesticide/fertilizers application and promoting sustainable agriculture practices.
Any fee, charge or tax charged on the extraction and/or use of renewable natural capital (e.g. timber or water).
Excise taxes on tobacco products can raise fiscal revenues, improve health and well-being, and address market failures.
Standards applicable to the financial sector that capture good practices and encourage the achievement and monitoring of social and environmental outcomes.